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IELTSのWritingのエッセイでよく使う表現まとめ

科学・芸術・語学

[経済系]

aid

investment

grant

venture

finance

material

equipment

facility

infrastracture

basis

ground

support / help / provide / assist

local

industry

develop

convenient / convenience

inconvenient / inconvenience 

progress 

unemployment / lack of education / hunger / crime / poverty / corruption / diseases

commerce

developing / industrializing

developed / industrialized

urbanization / depoplation 

population

agricultural product

leader

doctor / nurse

chain reaction

The advances in science and technology

integrated economically, socially, politically and culturally through the advances of technology, transportation and communication.

gorvenment / administrations / rule institution

abstract(theoretical) - real(concrete) / exact - inexact / realistic - unrealistic(unsound)

 

[効率系]

effective

productive

productivity

efficiency

optimization

performance 

convenient

 

[教育系]

measurement

methodology

learning process

enrich

educational level

high educated

diversity

cultural

criticize / blame

praise / acclaim

self-esteem

wealth

interaction

role

nations

international trade

worldwide economic

good / virtuous circle

good / vicious circle 

 

 

[文頭でのつなぎ系]

Such impact / effect is

In this way

Under this circumstance / situation

In such Nown

 

[段落頭でのつなぎ系]

In addition

Moreover

Furthermore

Similarly

 

[段落頭での逆説系]

Despite the argument above, I believe that

However

Although that fact / evidence

 

[文頭での〜の観点で、〜については]

In terms of 

In respect of

As for

Regarding

Concerning

 

[〜を上回る]

A Overwight B

A Exceed B

 

[重要系]

Important / Importance

Nessesary / Nessesity

Significant / Significance

 

[本質系]

Essential / Essence

Main factor

Key

True nature

Substantial / Substance

crucial aspect 

 

[足りない系]

Lack

Shortage

 

[手段系]

Way

Mean

Alternatives

method

methodology

practice

plan 

tool

cycle 

balanced approach

step

system / architecture / construction / proportion / composition

 

[賛成系]

agree

admit 

concede

accept

 

[問題系]

problem

issue

matter

 

[原因・理由系]

reason

cause

root cause

origin

something cause / lead to / result in

 

[結果系]

impact

effect 

result

influence 

something is caused by

somethings result from

 

[例えば系]

for example

for instance

specifically

something is the best example of

 

[Some people は主張してる系]

say

contend

claim

argue / argument

assert

allege

heated debate

Most people seem to forget all

 

[促進させる・成長させる系]

boost

encourage

strengthen

increase

grow / growth

advancement

 

[確かに〜 でも系]

Certainly

Admittedly

Actually

 

[最後に〜系]

In conclusion

to conclude

to sum up

 

[能力・技能系]

Skill

literacy

ablility

proficiency

experience

 

[個人的にはこう思うよ系]

I think personally that

in my opinion

from my perspective

I believe

 

[重視するよ・してよ系]

play an important role

should be more aware of 

give priority to

regard / see someting as important

emphasize on

value

think much of

take something [more] seriously [than]

focus on

attach inportance to

take account of

give full weight to

will continue

 

[〜な傾向あるよ系]

tend to

be likely to

be prone to

be apt to

tendency / trend

custom

 

[よく見られよね系]

Nowadays, something becomes big issue / main factor 

Some people argue that A, while B

There is no doubt that

It is clear that / clearly

It is common that / commonly

It is often seen 

It is ture that 

people cannot deny

no one can deny

we cannot deny

none of us can deny 

It is acknowledge that  

Everything has two sides and the globalization is not the exception

 

[最近は系]

Nowadays

In the present age

recently

 

[有益系]

worth / worthwhile

value / valuable

profit / profitable

merit / meritable

usuful

helpful

benefical

positive

good cycle

 

[無益・有害系]

detrimental

harmful

useless

negative

adverse

vicious cycle

 

[ちゃんと系]

reasonable

fitting / suited

advisable

suitable

relevant

proper / properly

correct / correctly